VR Question Types Complete Guide

Eleven-Plus Preparation Specialists

There are widely seen to be 21 different types of verbal reasoning questions used in the 11+, and you will find that GL Assessments make good use of all. Here we’ll take a look at each question type in turn.

Type 1: Insert a Letter

In these questions you have to add the same letter to both sets of brackets, thus completing all the words. The letter that you choose will both begin two words and end two others.

Example: Tas (?) it bar (?) nell
Answer: K

Here, the words would be task, kit, bark, and knell.

Type 2: Two odd ones out

In these questions you will be provided with five words. Three go together and two do not. You have to find the words that do not go with the others.

Example: manor, rectory, stadium, lodge, airport
Answer: Stadium, lodge

Here, the three words that go together are types of house – we might see houses with these names. The other two words are buildings but not houses.

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Type 3: Letter codes

In these questions you will need to use a code to find another word. You will be provided with an alphabet to help you. You will have to find a new code for each individual question.

Example: If the code for DUDE is EVEF, what would DPPM mean?
Answer: COOL

This is a simple example where the code is simply representing each letter with the letter after it in the alphabet.

Type 4: Closest Meaning

These questions ask you to find the two words that are closest in meaning. You may be given one group to choose from or two.

Example: ocean, house, stream, swimming pool, sea
Answer: Ocean, sea

Here, the two words are clearly very similar. Remember to learn as many synonyms as you can and to be aware of synonyms whilst reading in preparation for this question type.

Type 5: Hidden Word

These questions will contain a four letter word that is hidden between two other words. You can form it by using the ending letter(s) of one word and the beginning letter(s) of the next.

Example: The man ran slowly to his bike.
Answer: ‘Them’

Here, you can make the word ‘them’ using the first word and the start of the second.

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Tye 6: Missing Word

In this type of question you will be provided with a word that has three consecutive letters removed. These letters correctly spell another word, without having their order changed. You must find the three letter word that has been removed.

Example: ADAT
Answer: Man

Here, the word is ‘man’ to form the word ‘adamant.’

Type 7: Letters replace numbers

In these questions letters will be used to replace numbers, and you will be given a simple sum to solve.

Example: A=1, B=2, C=4, D=8, E=12
B * C + D – E =

Answer = C

Here the sum is 2 * 4 + 8 – 12, which equals 4

Type 8: Moving a Letter

Here, you must move one letter from a word on the left, and add it to the word on the right. This must form two new words. You can’t rearrange the letters.

Example: Cloth, Sort
Answer: Clot, short

Here we’ve moved the H from the first word to the second to create two new words.

Type 9: Letter Series

These questions will ask you to complete a series in the way that makes the most sense. You will be provided with a series of pairs of letters and asked to continue them.

Example: AC BB CA DZ
Answer: EY

Here the pattern is +1 for the first letter and -1 for the second letter.

Type 10: Associating Words

Here you need to find two words that make the most sense to complete the sentence. You will need to choose one word from each set.

Example: Jump is to (leap, fish, walk) as fall is to (tumble, ride, house).
Answer: Leap, tumble

Here, you simply have to find a synonym for each word.

Type 11: Number Series

These questions are non-verbal reasoning. All you have to do is continue the sequence of numbers.

Example: 1,4,7,10,13
Answer: 16

Here, you simply need to add 3 more each time.

Type 12: Compound Words

Here you have to add a word from the first group to a word from the second group, and together form a compound word. You cannot rearrange the letters. You have to use the word from the first group first.

Example: (man jive hold) (took, power, boat)
Answer: Manpower

Type 13: Making Words

Here you have to create a word using the same pattern that was used in the first group of words. There will be two words surrounding one central word, that has been created from the words around it.

Example: bell (bean) bran
Told (?) rook

Answer: Took

Here the pattern is that the first two letters of the first word are used, then the last two letters of the second word.

Type 14: Corresponding Letters

Here you will be given a copy of the alphabet to help you. You will be asked to find two letters that correspond to another pair, using an example to guide you.

Example: DD is to EF
As MM is to (?)

Answer: LN

Here you move the first letter back one in the alphabet and move the second letter forward one in the alphabet.

Type 15: Using Information

Nathan lives two floors above Mike and one floor above Ciara. Yasmin lives one floor above Nathan. Margarita lives one floor below Mike.

Who lives on the same floor?

A MIke and Ciara
B Yasmin and Nathan
C Yasmin and Ciara
D Yasmin and Margarita
E Ciara and Margarita

Answer: Yasmin and Margarita

Here you must use the information provided to solve the puzzle.

Type 16: Opposite Words

Here you have to find two words that have the most opposite meanings. You will have to choose one from each group.

Example: (tall, fat, dry) (rotund, short, green)
Answer: Tall, short

Type 17: Finish the Sum

Here you have to complete a simple sum. This is a reasoning question rather than verbal reasoning.

Example: 24 + 4 = 22 + ?
Answer: 6

Type 18: Related Numbers

Here the numbers that you are given will be related. You need to find the missing number.

Example: ( 8 [16] 24 ) ( 12 [24] 36)
(20 [?] 40)

Answer: 30

Type 19: Word-Number Codes

Here you will be given four words and a code that represents each. You will then be asked to provide a word from a code, or a code for a word.

Example: Bolt, told, took, bent
2648 8665 8643 2178

What is the code for Book?


Type 20: Completing the Word

Here you are given two sets of words and asked to complete the third pair in the same way as the first two pairs.

Example: bleak (ark) brain   that (apt) spam
Demigod (?) slap

Answer: Old

Here we take the final two letters from the first word, which form letters one and three of the new word, and the second letter from the second word, which forms the second letter.

Type 21: Same Meaning

Here one word will work with both pairs of words, which will have different meanings.

Example: (carry, hold) (tolerate, stand)
Options: bear, took, lift, up, manage


Bear can mean to carry something but also to put up with it – covering both sets of brackets.
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