CASPer Question Types

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The CASPer’s questions can be broken down into different question types. One could segment the test into many different categories – we will focus on the ten most common here. If you understand what category each question is as you answer it, you are far more likely to be able to provide the correct information and reflections.

Diversity Questions

These questions will assess your awareness of diversity in the workplace, and in your general life. You will be expected to show an ability to appreciate other cultures, to work with those that have different beliefs to you, and to prioritise patient safety, no matter your own beliefs.

Prioritisation Questions

These questions will pose you a situation in which multiple issues must be dealt with at once. There may be an option that is the correct one to deal with first, but you should be prepared for a scenario in which there is no right option. Your ability to show a logical process in prioritising, and explain this coherently to the marker, is more important than the end result.

Public Health

Global health questions will probe your understanding of how healthcare can be applied to populations at large, and how to best improve health at scale. You will need to use the ethical principle of justice, and consider how to help populations without sacrificing the liberty of individuals.

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Conflict of Interest

A conflict of interest scenario is one where an individual is considering exploiting their professional status or position in return for a personal gain. Anyone that favors another person, company or entity in return for personal gain – be it financial or in any other form – would be considered guilty of a conflict of interest. You should expect complex questions involving the funding of research, or the purchasing and subsequent recommendation of new products.

Moral Dilemmas

This question type will involve a scenario in which your action is likely to lead to damage to one person. This may be physical harm, or mental or financial difficulty. You must attempt to make a morally sound decision that minimises damage done. Examples may include choosing which patient to give a hospital bed to, or whether to report a friend for cheating in a test.

Relationship Questions

These questions will analyse your ability to develop and maintain effective relationships, through showing empathy and understanding to others. As a future healthcare professional, you will need to maintain relationships with friends, colleagues, co-workers and, of course, patients.

Working Within Your Role

Your scope of practice is the area in which you are permitted to work in, as a licensed medical professional. A nurse cannot prescribe medication, nor a psychologist prescribe medication to their patients. However, a psychiatrist can prescribe medication – as this is within the remit of a medical doctor. In the same manner, we are aware that a property lawyer is able to advise on your house sale, but less likely to be helpful for an injury claim.

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Personal Questions

These question types will draw upon your past experiences. You should be ready to explain the situation, and reflect on it through showing what you learnt. You must think of examples where you have done well, and others where you have done badly – the key is to draw out conclusions on how you will progress. Have multiple examples ready in your mind before you sit the test, so that you can quickly produce them as needed.


Informed consent describes the concept of a patient being in possession of all the facts relating to their treatment, and showing that they have considered these elements in order to make a decision. Consent relies on both the medical professional providing adequate information, and the patient being of sound mind. Children may lack consent due to their age making it harder for them to understand their treatment, although this may depend on the severity of treatment and the child’s age.

Evidence Based Medicine

You must make decisions based on the latest scientific evidence, and through experience and information present and verified in the profession. You will not know the latest scientific evidence for a question in the CASPer – instead you must show that you would consider this evidence. If in doubt, you should explicitly state that you would rely on an evidence basis in order to make an informed decision. 

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